Davis's Drug Guide

Commonly Used Abbreviations

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General

  • ABGs arterial blood gases
  • ac before meals
  • ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
  • ADH antidiuretic hormone
  • A-G ratio albumin-globulin ratio
  • AHF antihemolytic factor
  • ALT alanine aminotransferase
  • ANA antinuclear antibodies
  • ANC absolute neutrophil count
  • AST aspartate aminotransferase
  • ATP adenosine triphosphate
  • AV atrioventricular
  • bid two times a day
  • BMI body mass index
  • BP blood pressure
  • bpm beats per minute
  • BSA body surface area
  • BUN blood urea nitrogen
  • cap capsule
  • CBC complete blood count
  • CCr creatinine clearance
  • COMT catechol-O-methyltransferase
  • CNS central nervous system
  • CPK creatine phosphokinase
  • CR controlled-release
  • CSF colony-stimulating factor; cerebrospinal fluid
  • CT computed tomography
  • CV cardiovascular
  • CVP central venous pressure
  • D5/LR 5% dextrose and lactated Ringer's solution
  • D5/0.9% NaCl 5% dextrose and 0.9% NaCl; 5% dextrose and normal saline
  • D5/0.25% NaCl 5% dextrose and 0.25% NaCl; 5% dextrose and quarter normal saline
  • D5/0.45% NaCl 5% dextrose and 0.45% NaCl; 5% dextrose and half normal saline
  • D5W 5% dextrose in water
  • D10W 10% dextrose in water
  • Derm dermatologic
  • dL deciliter
  • DMARD disease-modifying antirheumatic drug
  • DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
  • DVT deep vein thrombosis
  • ECG electrocardiogram
  • ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • EENT eye, ear, nose, and throat
  • Endo endocrine
  • ER extended-release
  • ESRD end-stage renal disease
  • F and E fluid and electrolyte
  • g gram(s)
  • GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid
  • GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • GFR glomerular filtration rate
  • GI gastrointestinal
  • G6PD glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
  • gt(t) drop(s)
  • GTT glucose tolerance test
  • GU genitourinary
  • Hb A1c hemoglobin A1c, glycosylated hemoglobin
  • HDL high-density lipoproteins
  • Hemat hematologic
  • HF heart failure
  • hr(s) hour(s)
  • HR heart rate
  • HRT hormone replacement therapy
  • IA intra-articular
  • IL intralesional
  • IM intramuscular
  • Inhaln inhalation
  • INR international normalized ratio
  • IS intrasynovial
  • IT intrathecal
  • IV intravenous
  • K potassium
  • KCl potassium chloride
  • kg kilogram
  • L liter
  • LA long-acting
  • LDH lactic dehydrogenase
  • LDL low-density lipoproteins
  • LR lactated Ringer's solution
  • M molar
  • MAOI monoamine oxidase inhibitor
  • mcg microgram(s)
  • MDI metered dose inhaler
  • mEq milliequivalent
  • Metab metabolic
  • mg milligram(s)
  • min(s) minute(s)
  • Misc miscellaneous
  • mL milliliter(s)
  • mM millimole
  • MRI magnetic resonance imaging
  • MS musculoskeletal
  • MUGA multiple-gated (image) acquisition (analysis)
  • Na sodium
  • NaCl sodium chloride
  • 0.9% NaCl 0.9% sodium chloride, normal saline
  • Neuro neurologic
  • NPO nothing by mouth
  • NS sodium chloride, normal saline (0.9% NaCl)
  • NSAIDs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • OCD obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Oint ointment
  • Ophth ophthalmic
  • OTC over-the-counter
  • pc after meals
  • PCA patient-controlled analgesia
  • PO by mouth, orally
  • prn as needed
  • PT prothrombin time
  • PTT partial thromboplastin time
  • PVC premature ventricular contraction
  • q every
  • qid four times a day
  • q 2 hr every 2 hours
  • q 3 hr every 3 hours
  • q 4 hr every 4 hours
  • RBC red blood cell count
  • Rect rectally or rectal
  • REM rapid eye movement
  • Resp respiratory
  • RTU ready to use
  • Rx prescription
  • SA sinoatrial
  • subcut subcutaneous
  • sec(s) second(s)
  • SL sublingual
  • SR sustained-release
  • SSRI(s) selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor(s)
  • stat immediately
  • supp suppository
  • tab tablet
  • tbsp tablespoon(s)
  • tid three times a day
  • Top topically or topical
  • tsp teaspoon(s)
  • UK unknown
  • Vag vaginal
  • VF ventricular fibrillation
  • VLDL very low-density lipoproteins
  • VT ventricular tachycardia
  • WBC white blood cell count
  • wk(s) week(s)
  • yr(s) year(s)

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