Complementary/Alternative Medicine:This monograph describes a natural or herbal product that is not subject to FDA guidelines for medicines. Patients and clinicians are advised to read package labels carefully to ensure safe and efficacious use.
Pronunciation: Online audio
- Treatment of depression
- Has also been used to manage:
- liver disease
- migraine headaches
May aid in the production, activation, and metabolism of various amines, phospholipids, hormones, and neurotransmitters. May stimulate articular cartilage growth and repair.
- Decreased depression.
- Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects improve symptoms of osteoarthritis.
Absorption: Rapidly and extensively metabolized following oral administration.
Metabolism and Excretion: Actively metabolized by the liver.
Half-life: 100 min.
TIME/ACTION PROFILE (antidepressant action)
|PO (depression)||1–2 wk||unknown||unknown|
|PO (osteoarthritis)||30 days||unknown||unknown|
- Bipolar disorder.
Use Cautiously in:
- Pregnancy, lactation, or children (safety not established)
- Bipolar disorder (can induce mania)
- Parkinson's disease (may worsen symptoms)
- Surgery (discontinue 2 weeks prior to elective procedures).
Adverse Reactions/Side Effects
CNS: agitation, dizziness, mild insomnia, manic reactions (in patients with bipolar disorder)
GI: vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence
* CAPITALS indicate life-threatening.
Italics indicate most frequent.
Natural Drug Interaction
Avoid use with natural products that increase serotonin levels such as l-tryptophan and St. John's wort.
PO: (Adults) Depression–200 mg once or twice daily, adjusted upward over 2 wk (range 400–1600 mg/day); Liver disorders–1200–1600 mg/day; Osteoarthritis–200 mg tid; Fibromyalgia–800 mg/day.
Tablets: 100 mg, 200 mg, 400 mgOTC
- Assess mental status for symptoms of depression prior to and periodically during therapy; advise patients with depression to be evaluated by a health care professional.
- Assess symptoms of pain and fatigue prior to and periodically during therapy.
PO: Administer on an empty stomach. Initial dose should be 200 mg once or twice daily to minimize GI disturbances. Dose may be adjusted upward over 1–2 wks depending on response and tolerance.
- Instruct patient to take SAMe as directed.
- Advise patients to discontinue 2 weeks prior to elective surgical procedures.
- Advise women to consult health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breast feeding.
- Decrease in symptoms of depression.
- Improvement in osteoarthritis symptoms.