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prucalopride

General

Canada-Approved Medicine

This monograph describes a medication approved for use in Canada by the Therapeutic Products Directorate, a division of Health Canada’s Health Products and Food Branch. The medication is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration; however, a similar formulation carrying a different generic or brand name might be available in the US.

Pronunciation:
proo-kal-o-pride

Trade Name(s)

  • Resotran Canadian Tradename

Ther. Class.
prokinetic agents

Pharm. Class.
dihydrobenzofurancarboxamides

Indications

Treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation in adult females who do not respond to laxatives.

Action

Acts as a serotonin (5–HT4 ) receptor agonist with prokinetic properties. Enhances peristalsis and gastrointestinal propulsion.

Therapeutic Effect(s):

Laxative effect.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Rapidly absorbed (90%) following oral administration.

Distribution: Rapidly and extensively distributed, enters breast milk.

Metabolism and Excretion: 60% excreted unchanged in urine, 3–8% unchanged in feces, minor amounts are extensively metabolized.

Half-life: 24 hr.

TIME/ACTION PROFILE (normalization of bowel movements)

ROUTEONSETPEAKDURATION
PO3–4 days1–4 wkunknown

Contraindication/Precautions

Contraindicated in:

  • Hypersensitivity;
  • Renal impairment requiring dialysis;
  • Intestinal obstruction/perforation (structural or function), obstructive ileus, severe gastrointestinal inflammatory disease, including Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, toxic megacolon/megarectum;
  • Galactose intolerance, Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose/galactose malabsorption (tablets contain lactose);
  • OB: Not recommended for use during pregnancy;
  • Lactation: Not recommended for use while breast feeding;
  • Pedi: Safety and effectiveness not established; not recommended for use.

Use Cautiously in:

  • Severe/clinically stable concurrent chronic diseases including liver, cardiovascular or lung disease, neurological or psychiatric disorders, cancer, AIDS or other disorders or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus;
  • History of arrhythmias or cardiovascular disease, ischemic heart disease, pre-excitation syndromes (including Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, Lown-Ganong-Levine syndrome or AV nodal disorders (↑ risk of arrhythmias);
  • Severe renal impairment (↓ dose recommended);
  • Geri: Due to age-related ↓ in renal function, ↓ dose is recommended.

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

CNS: headache, dizziness, fatigue

CV: palpitations, ↓ PR interval, tachycardia

GI: abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting

* CAPITALS indicate life-threatening.
Underline indicate most frequent.

Interactions

Drug-Drug

  • Severe diarrhea may ↓ effectiveness of oral hormonal contraceptives; additional method of contraception recommended.
  • Blood levels and effects are ↑ by concurrent CYP3A4 and P-gp inhibitors including ketoconazole, verapamil, cyclosporine and quinidine.
  • Beneficial effects may be ↓ by concurrent use of anticholinergics.

Route/Dosage

PO: (Adults) 2 mg once daily. If no bowel movement occurs in 3–4 days, add-on laxatives should be considered. If benefit is not obtained after 4 wk, prucalopride should be discontinued.

PO: (Adults >65 yr): 1 mg once daily.

Renal Impairment
PO: (Adults) GFR <30 mL/min/1.73m2 1 mg once daily.

Availability

Tablets (contain lactose): 1 mg, 2 mg

Assessment

  • Assess for symptoms of chronic constipation (abdominal pain or discomfort, bloating, constipation).

Potential Diagnoses

  • Constipation

Implementation

  • PO: Medication should be taken with food or on an empty stomach at the same time each day.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take prucalopride as directed.
  • Caution the patient to discontinue the medication and notify health care professional with occurrence of severe diarrhea, signs of heart attack, black tarry stools, vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds.
  • Advise patient on a nutritional regimen and hydration, and exercise to decrease constipation.
  • Inform patient that if no bowel movement within 3 days of treatment, a "rescue" laxative may be added occasionally while taking prucalopride.
  • Advise women of childbearing age who are taking prucalopride to use an effective method of birth control during treatment. If pregnant occurs while taking this medication, contact health care professional immediately.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

A soft formed bowel movement.

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Citation

Quiring, Courtney, et al. "Prucalopride." Davis's Drug Guide, 16th ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2019. www.drugguide.com/ddo/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/109868/all/prucalopride.
Quiring C, Sanoski CA, Vallerand AH. Prucalopride. Davis's Drug Guide. 16th ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2019. https://www.drugguide.com/ddo/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/109868/all/prucalopride. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Quiring, C., Sanoski, C. A., & Vallerand, A. H. (2019). Prucalopride. In Davis's Drug Guide. Available from https://www.drugguide.com/ddo/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/109868/all/prucalopride
Quiring C, Sanoski CA, Vallerand AH. Prucalopride [Internet]. In: Davis's Drug Guide. F.A. Davis Company; 2019. [cited 2019 July 18]. Available from: https://www.drugguide.com/ddo/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/109868/all/prucalopride.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - prucalopride ID - 109868 A1 - Quiring,Courtney, AU - Sanoski,Cynthia A, AU - Vallerand,April Hazard, BT - Davis's Drug Guide UR - https://www.drugguide.com/ddo/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/109868/all/prucalopride PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 16 DB - Davis's Drug Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -