FLUORIDE SUPPLEMENTS

General

Pronunciation:
floor-ide


sodium fluoride (oral)

Trade Name(s)

  • Fluor-A-Day Canadian Tradename
  • Flura-Drops
  • Luride
  • Pharmaflur
  • Phos-Flur
  • Solu-Flur Canadian Tradename

fluoride (topical)

Trade Name(s)

  • ACT
  • Fluorigard
  • Fluorinse
  • Gel Kam
  • Gel-Tin
  • Prevident
  • Stop
  • Thera-Flur

Ther. Class.
dental caries prophylactic agents

Pharm. Class.
minerals electrolytes

Indications

Prevention of dental caries in children where insufficient fluoride is available in drinking water.

Action

Fluoride becomes incorporated into bone and teeth, where it serves to stabilize crystalline matrix. It promotes remineralization and may retard the growth of dental plaque. The presence of fluoride on the enamel surface of teeth promotes resistance to acid and prevents caries by interrupting the cariogenic microbial process.

Therapeutic Effect(s):

Decreased incidence of dental caries in children.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Topical fluoride is taken up by enamel and plaque. Acidulated solutions are taken up by enamel to a greater extent than neutral solutions. Well absorbed after oral administration.

Distribution: Stored in bone and developing teeth. Readily crosses the placenta; small amounts enter breast milk.

Metabolism and Excretion: 50% excreted unchanged by the kidneys. Small amounts excreted in feces and sweat.

Half-life: Unknown.

TIME/ACTION PROFILE (blood levels)

ROUTEONSETPEAKDURATION
POunknown30–60 minunknown

Contraindication/Precautions

Contraindicated in:

  • Hypersensitivity
  • Dietary sodium restriction
  • Where fluoride in drinking water exceeds 0.7 parts per million (ppm)
  • Some products contain tartrazine and other additives; avoid use in patients with known intolerance
  • Children <3 yr or when fluoride in drinking water exceeds 0.3 ppm (for 1 mg tablets)
  • Children <6 yr (for 1 mg/5 mL rinse).

Use Cautiously in:

Situations in which fluoride content of water is not known.

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

GI: nausea, vomiting

Derm: atopic dermatitis

Misc: mottling of teeth (toxicity)

* CAPITALS indicate life-threatening.
Underline indicate most frequent.

Interactions

Drug-Drug

Products containing  calcium,  aluminum, or  magnesium  decrease absorption.

Drug-Food:

If taken concurrently withdairy foods, calcium fluoride will form and fluoride will not be absorbed.

Route/Dosage

Oral Fluoride–Fluoride Content of Drinking Water <0.3 ppm

PO (Adults and Children  >16 yr): No supplementation.

PO (Children  6–16 yr): 1 mg/day.

PO (Children  3–6 yr): 0.5 mg/day.

PO (Children  6 mo–3 yr): 0.25 mg/day.

PO (Children  <6 mo): No supplementation.

Oral Fluoride–Fluoride Content of Drinking Water 0.3–0.6 ppm

PO (Adults and Children  >16 yr): No supplementation.

PO (Children  6–16 yr): 0.5 mg/day.

PO (Children  3–6 yr): 0.25 mg/day.

PO (Children  <3 yr): No supplementation.

Topical Fluoride

Topical (Adults and Children  >12 yr): Dental rinse or gel –10 mL/day. (Prevident and Fluorinse are used once weekly.)  Cream– brush teeth with cream once daily.  Lozenge– 1 lozenge daily.

Topical (Children  6–12 yr): Dental rinse or cream –5–10 mL/day. (Fluorinse is used once weekly.)  Cream– brush teeth with cream daily.

Availability (generic available)

Generic available for chewable tablets only. Amounts listed as fluoride content

Tablets: 0.25 mg, 0.5 mg, 1 mg

Chewable tablets: 0.25 mg, 0.5 mg, 1 mg

Drops: 0.125 mg/drop, 0.25 mg/drop, 0.5 mg/drop

Lozenges: 1 mg

Solution: 0.2 mg/mL

Rinse: 0.01%OTC, 0.02%OTC, 0.04%OTC, 0.09%

Cream: 1.1%

Gel: 0.1%Rx, OTC, 0.5%

Gel drops: 0.5%

Assessment

  • Examine teeth for staining or mottling periodically. Notify dentist if this occurs.

Potential Diagnoses

Implementation

  • Drops may be administered undiluted orally or mixed with food or fluids.
  • Do not administer sodium fluoride within 2 hr of milk or other dairy products; will cause decreased absorption of sodium fluoride.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take fluoride supplement as directed, according to directions included with each preparation.
  • Rinses and gel are most effective if used immediately after brushing or flossing and just before sleep. Instruct patient to expectorate any excess do not swallow  Patient should not eat, drink, or rinse mouth for 30 min after application.
  • Instruct patient to use dental cream in place of toothpaste and brush teeth for 2 minutes, preferrably at bedtime.
  • Advise parents to keep fluoride out of reach of children.
  • Encourage patient to have routine dental examinations to monitor dental hygiene.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

Prevention of dental caries.

FLUORIDE SUPPLEMENTS is a sample topic from the Davis's Drug Guide.

To view other topics, please or .

Davis’s Drug Guide for Nurses App + Web from F.A. Davis and Unbound Medicine covers 5000+ trade name and generic drugs. Includes App for iPhone, iPad, and Android smartphone + tablet. Handbook covers dosage, side effects, interactions, uses. Davis Drug Guide PDF. .